Highlights of North Africa

  • Date: Oct 10, 2014
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  • Categories: Africa

Egypt and Morocco are two countries which hold most of the highlights in North Africa.

Egypt

Pyramids of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza are just outside Cairo in Egypt. They are one of the greatest manmade architectural feats. They are one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Great Pyramid of Giza was built more than 5000 years ago, making it one of the world’s oldest tourist attractions. There three main pyramids in Giza: the Great Pyramid of Khuf, The Pyramid of Kafhre and the Pyramid of Menkaura. Each pyramid is a tomb for a different king of Egypt. The Sphinx lies in front of the pyramids.

Luxor                  

Luxor is known as the world’s largest open-air museum. Luxor is built on the ancient site of Thebes. The modern day city of Luxor has its own temple as well as many museums. The most important place of worship in ancient Egypt is the ancient site of Karnak, which is close to Luxor. Karnak is a complex of kiosks, sanctuaries, kiosks, obelisks and pylons which are all dedicated to the Theban gods. Across the Nile from Luxor is Thebes. Thebes is where the ancient burial grounds of Queens and Pharaohs are. It is known as The Valley of the Kings and the Valley of Queens. Tutankhamun’s tomb is there.

Siwa Oasis

The Siwa Oasis is in Egypt’s Western Desert and close to the Libyan border. The Siwans have developed their own distinct Berber culture. It is Egypt’s most remote oasis town. As well as its unique culture, it is known for its hot springs, geographical beauty and the fact that Alexander the Great travelled there to visit the Oracle of Amun.

Abu Simbel

Next to the Pyramids of Giza, Abu Simbel in Southern Egypt is the most recognized monument of ancient Egypt. The two temples were built for the Pharaoh Ramesses II.

They have been attracting visitors since Victorian times.

Ras Mohammed National Park

The Red Sea offers some of the best diving on earth and Ras Mohammed National Park, in the Gulf of Aqaba (Egypt), is one of the best. There are more than 1000 species of fish in the marine park amidst 300 species of coral. There are 20 dive sites to explore. Some of them beingShark Reef, Anemone City, Yolanda Reef and Eel Garden.

Morocco

Marrakech

Marrakech is situated at the foot of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco.There are so many things to see and do in Marrakech. Marrakech is the second oldest imperial city in Morocco. There are historical monuments such as Koutoubia, the Saadian Tombs and the Bahia Palace. It is worthwhile exploring the narrow streets of the old Medina and Djemaa El Fna Square.

Fes (Fez)

Fes is the most complete medieval city of the Arab world. It is a strange mix of the Middle Ages meets the modern world. The medina city of Fes El Bali is a great tourist attraction. Other highlights include the Royal Palace, the Merenid tombsand the Mellah (which is the Jewish quarter). Fes is still considered to be the religious and cultural centre of Morocco.

Fes was the capital of Morocco for more than 400 years

Atlas Mountains

Jebel Toubkal is North Africa’s highest peak at 4,167m and it is situated in the High Atlas Mountains.There are spectacular views at its summit. The Atlas Mountains cover a wide territory. There are many good treks available. All of them offer a chance to meet with Berber people.

Photo Credit: John & Mel Kots via photopin cc

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